Agrophotovoltaics (APV) is a newly developed system technology which enables agricultural production underneath Photovoltaics ground-mounted power plants (PV-GM) that are especially developed for this purpose. This innovative resource-efficient dual use of arable land could help to mitigate surface sealing and thus ease the conflict between food and energy security. Currently policy-makers protect fertile soils by limiting dissemination of PV-GM. APV widens the scenery of land use options for policy makers by accomplishing the generation of solar electricity without a notable reduction on fertile soils for agricultural production. Further, APV projects are well suited to be realized by farmers, municipalities or small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs). Rural development is being promoted and the added value stays regional. New operational branches for utility and project developers can be identified and income diversification of farmers can be achieved.